High Blood Sugar Symptoms And Causes

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High Blood Sugar Symptoms And Causes

High Blood Sugar Symptoms And Causes

People with diabetes are impacted by hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. People with diabetes who make poor eating and exercise choices, are unwell, use non-diabetes drugs, or miss or don’t take enough glucose-lowering medication are all risk factors for hyperglycemia.

What are High Blood Sugar Symptoms And Causes:

Because uncontrolled hyperglycemia may develop severe and produce major problems needing emergency treatment, including a diabetic coma, it is crucial to manage hyperglycemia. Even mild continuous hyperglycemia over the long run may cause problems with your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.

Symptoms

Symptoms of hyperglycemia don’t appear until blood glucose levels are sufficiently increased, which is often over 180 to 200 mg/dL, or 10 to 11.1 mmol/L. Hyperglycemia symptoms develop gradually over days or weeks. The symptoms become worse the longer blood sugar levels are elevated. However, despite having raised blood sugar levels, some patients with type 2 diabetes who have had it for a long period may not exhibit any symptoms.

Read also: Top 5 Supplements To Lower Blood Sugar Naturally 2022

Early warning indicators

Early detection of hyperglycemia’s warning signs and symptoms helps speed up treatment. Beware of:

Urinating often
more thirst hazy vision
exhaustion headache

Additional symptoms and signs

Ketones, which are harmful acids, may accumulate in your blood and urine if hyperglycemia is left untreated (ketoacidosis). Some warning signs and symptoms are:

breath with a fruity fragrance
Vomiting and nauseous
breathing difficulty
weakness a dry mouth
Confusion
Coma
stomach ache

Whenever to see a doctor?

If you need immediate medical help, dial 911.

You are unwell and unable to consume any food or liquids.
Your urine contains ketones and your blood glucose levels are consistently over 240 mg/dL (13.3 mmol/L).

Schedule a visit with your doctor if:

You continue to have diarrhoea or vomiting, but you can still consume certain meals or liquids.
You’ve had a fever for more than 24 hours.
More than 240 mg/dL (13.3 mmol/L) of blood sugar is present in you. despite having taken your medicine for diabetes
You struggle to maintain the proper range of blood glucose levels.

High Blood Sugar Causes:

Your body converts meal carbs, such as those in pasta, bread, and rice, into other sugar molecules during digestion. Among these sugar molecules is glucose, which serves as your body’s primary source of energy. After you eat, glucose is immediately taken into your circulation. However, insulin, a hormone generated by your pancreas, is necessary for glucose to reach the cells of the majority of your tissues.

Your pancreas releases insulin when the amount of glucose in your blood increases. Your cells are unlocked by insulin, allowing glucose to enter and provide your cells the fuel they need to operate correctly. Any additional glucose is stored as glycogen in your muscles and liver.

By doing this, the level of glucose in your blood is reduced and kept from rising to dangerously high levels. The release of insulin from your pancreas coincides with the restoration of normal blood sugar levels.

Insulin’s effects on your body are significantly diminished by diabetes. This could be the case if you have type 1 diabetes, if your body is unable to generate enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or if your body is resistant to the effects of insulin (type 2 diabetes). Because of this, glucose has a tendency to accumulate in your bloodstream (hyperglycemia), where it may rise to dangerously high levels if untreated. To reduce blood sugar levels, medications such as insulin are utilised.

Risk elements:

Hyperglycemia may be caused by a variety of reasons, such as:

not taking enough oral diabetic medicine or insulin
improper insulin administration or the use of out-of-date insulin
not adhering to your diabetic diet plan
avoiding activity
Experiencing a disease or infection
using certain drugs, such steroids
Getting hurt or undergoing surgery
Feeling emotionally stressed because of problems at work or in the home

Because the hormones generated to treat disease or stress may also cause your blood sugar to increase, hyperglycemia can be brought on by stress or illness. During a serious illness, even those without diabetes may have transitory hyperglycemia. However, those who have diabetes may need to take additional diabetic medicine to maintain blood sugar levels close to normal when unwell or under stress.

High Blood Sugar Complications:

Long-term consequences

Many issues associated with diabetes may be avoided by maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels. Untreated hyperglycemia may result in long-term consequences such as:

A cardiovascular condition

nerve injury (neuropathy)
Diabetic nephropathy, or kidney damage, or renal failure
Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the retina’s blood vessels that might result in blindness.
clouding of your eye’s typically clear lens (cataract)
foot issues that may result in deep skin infections, ulcerations, and in extremely extreme instances, amputation due to damaged nerves or insufficient blood flow
joint and bone issues
gum disease and tooth decay

Emergency difficulties

Two dangerous illnesses may develop if blood sugar levels increase significantly or persist for a long time.

ketoacidosis in diabetics. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, diabetic ketoacidosis occurs. When this occurs, glucose (sugar) cannot enter your cells to provide energy. Your body starts to break down fat for energy when your blood sugar level increases.

Ketones, a hazardous acid produced by this mechanism, are produced. The blood becomes too ketoned and finally “spills over” into the pee. Diabetic ketoacidosis may cause a diabetic coma and be fatal if untreated.

hyperosmolar hyperglycemic condition. When humans create insulin, but it doesn’t function correctly, this disease develops. Greater than 1,000 mg/dL (55.6 mmol/L) blood glucose levels are possible. The body cannot utilise either glucose or fat for energy because insulin is present but not functioning correctly.

The result is a spillover of glucose into the urine, which increases urination. Untreated diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar condition may result in unconsciousness and potentially fatal dehydration. Quick medical attention is crucial.

Prevention

The advice provided below may assist in maintaining your blood sugar levels within the desired range:

Adhere to your food plan for diabetes. It’s crucial to maintain consistency with your meal and snack schedule if you use insulin or an oral diabetic treatment. Your diet has to be balanced with how your body is using insulin.
Check your blood sugar levels. You may check and record your blood sugar level many times a week or several times a day, depending on your treatment plan. The only way to guarantee that your blood sugar level stays within your desired range is via careful monitoring. When your glucose levels fall or rise over your target range, take note.
As directed by your doctor, take your prescription.
If your physical activity changes, adjust your medication. The modification is based on the results of the blood sugar test as well as the kind and duration of the exercise.


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